Sorghum (Jowar) is a cereal crop like wheat, corn, oats and barley. It is 5th vital cereal crop grown in the world and 3rd vital cereal crop grown in U.S. and it is an important source of food in India. United States, Australia and Argentina are the foremost exporters of sorghum. In United States, sorghum is commonly used as animal food however now used as a substitute grain for human consumption. Africa is the biggest producer of sorghum. Sorghum has many benefits as it is rich in nutrition. Read on the article to know benefits of sorghum.
Sorghum has sweet and nutty taste. It is gluten-free so it is best for the people who are sensitive to gluten. Sorghum is also a great substitute of wheat. It contains dietary fiber which is useful in digestion and makes the person full for longer time. It contains vitamin and minerals in high amount. Compared to other cereals, the protein and starch in sorghum are digested slowly which is helpful for the people suffering from diabetes. Sorghum is used as an ingredient in many dishes, soups and casseroles. It is also cooked as porridge. In India, it is used as rice or grinded into flour to prepare chapattis.
Nutrition Facts of Sorghum (Jowar)
- Saturated Fat
- Vitamin A
- Vitamin C
- Thiamine (B1)
- Niacin (B3)
- Pantothenic acid (B5)
- Vitamin B12
- Riboflavin (B2)
- Vitamin B6
- Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol)
- Folic acid/Folate (B9)
- Vitamin K (phylloquinone)
Health Benefits of Sorghum (Jowar)
Improves cardiovascular health:
Sorghum contains policosanols compounds which help in reducing the level of cholesterol. It also decreases the risk of heart attack by keeping the platelets away from clumping together. It also prevents the risk of atherosclerosis.
Helps in weight loss:
Sorghum is loaded with fibre which stops hunger cravings by promoting a sense of fullness. Fibre also keeps you full for longer period so sorghum helps to lose weight. Fibre keeps the energy level high throughout the day.
Decrease the risk of cancer:
Sorghum helps to reduce the risk of cancers such as abdominal cancer, colon cancer, digestive tract cancer and breast cancer. Sorghum contains 3-Deoxyanthoxyanins compounds which have strong antiproliferative activity against the cells of colon cancer.
Safe for People with celiac disease and wheat allergies:
People who suffer from celiac disease are sensitive to gluten. Sorghum is free of gluten so the consumption of sorghum is safe for people with celiac disease and wheat allergies. All varieties of sorghum are free of gluten.
Keeps the bones and teeth healthy:
Sorghum is good source of selenium and magnesium which helps to lower the problem of tooth decay and gum disease. They also keep the bones strong and decrease the osteoporosis and arthritis risk.
Other benefits of Sorghum (Jowar):
- Sorghum helps to decrease the risk of respiratory disorders.
- It lessens the risk of inflammatory disease.
- It helps to improve digestion and bowel movement.
- It is helpful for the people suffering from hypertension.
- Sorghum controls the blood glucose so it is beneficial for the people suffering from diabetes.
Consuming too much sorghum can lead to heartburn, bleaching, indigestion and stomach ache. Therefore consume it in moderate amount.