Relation of Mouth bacteria and Heart disease

The billions of bacteria live in the mouth and they undeniably manipulate the health of teeth and gums. However, they also cause problems for the heart and blood vessels. Read out full article to get information about the relation of mouth bacteria and heart disease and also know tips that breaks this relation.

In the United States, the number one cause of mortality is heart disease since 1900. Several extensive studies in the early 2000s have suggested that mouth bacteria and heart disease related to each other. People having gum disease (periodontal disease) were twice as likely possible to also have coronary artery disease, along with other heart-related health conditions. Both these diseases share some of the same risk factors including smoking, genetics, increasing age and stress. Studies have clearly shown that there is some correlation between the mouth bacteria and heart disease. Being aware of this relationship and what to do about is very important.

How is mouth bacteria linked to heart diseases?

In periodontal diseases, bacteria are the prime etiological agents and as per estimation, more than 500 different bacterial species are capable of colonizing the adult mouth. Several theories exist that explain the link between mouth bacteria and heart disease. People who have severe gum disease frequently experience bleeding gums, and nicks and cuts in the gums that may access bloodstream and travel to the heart. One theory explains that the oral bacteria enter the blood stream and it can reach the heart and may cause an infection such as endocarditis or damage other organs if the bacteria are not assaulted by the immune system in time. These bacteria attach to fatty plaques in the coronary arteries (heart blood vessels) and contribute to clot formation. Fatty plaques causes thickening of the walls of the coronary arteries and resulted in coronary artery disease (CAD). Normal blood flow in the body can obstruct with blood clots and restricts the amount of nutrients and oxygen needed for the heart to function properly.

Another possibility for this relation is inflammation caused by gum disease as the body’s response to infection, injury or irritants. Though inflammation is a defensive response of the body, chronic inflammation can cause a number of diseases and serious health problems. Periodontal infection is a chronic infection caused by bacteria and it destroys the gum tissues and bone that support the teeth and also raises the inflammation level throughout the body. Inflammation plays a decisive role in many chronic diseases that are not generally classified as inflammatory diseases, including heart disease.

Researchers watched large samples of individuals with and without heart disease and gum disease in studies which performed to investigate the relation between gum disease and heart disease. They discovered that cultures of bacteria from the mouth can frequently be used as a forecaster of heart disease, much in the same way that cholesterol levels are used. According to researchers, people having periodontal disease are almost twice as probable to suffer from coronary artery disease as those without periodontal disease. Existing heart conditions can also be worsened with periodontal disease.

Any of the following symptoms characterize the condition of gum disease:

  • Signs of pus on your gums
  • Red, swollen, inflamed gum
  • Bleeding after brushing or flossing your teeth
  • Experiencing pain when biting or chewing
  • Loosening of teeth
  • Receding gums or noticing that you seem to see more of a tooth than you used to

Specific conditions that might be related to heart disease include:

  • Periodontitis:
    • When the infection has gone deeper, periodontitis take place. In this condition, the bacteria discharge toxins that formulate the surrounding tissue swell and infected pockets between the teeth and gums. The infection can damage the bone underneath the gums as the time goes on and causes the gums to recede from the teeth.
  • Gingivitis:
    • When bacteria build up in the gap between the gums and a tooth, gingivitis develops. It is the early stage of gum disease and symptoms may be mild but you might notice some redness, swelling, or bleeding. Improve brushing and flossing habits as the treatment.
  • Pericoronitis:
    • Pericoronitis is a condition which takes place due to pushing up of the wisdom teeth through the gums that makes an opening for food or plaque to cottage under a flap of gum around the tooth. The tissue becomes swollen, painful, and infected and in severe condition, the swelling can shift to the cheeks and neck.
  • Cavities:
    • Cavities are tiny holes in the teeth caused by tooth decay. Bacteria are also responsible for these cavities but they are different than the ones that cause gum disease. In gum disease, cavities can also act as contributing factor. For example, if you have a cavity that irritates the gum, then it can cause gingivitis or periodontitis.
  • Other dental and periodontal problems:

    • Some dental and periodontal problems such as abscesses, missing teeth, etc. can directly or indirectly irritate the gums and lead to infection.

Some tips that help you to avoid gum disease caused by mouth bacteria:

Brush your teeth at least two times a day. Gum disease can be worsened with bad brushing technique and can lead to more infection. Brush after each meal and it is very important to brush teeth before going to bed. For brushing, use fluoride toothpaste and brush for two minutes at a time. You will get healthy teeth and gums by maintaining good teeth hygiene.

Use antiseptic, antibacterial mouthwash and toothpaste, if your dentist suggests it. Some people who have trouble controlling the amount of plaque and bacteria in their mouths can use an antiseptic mouthwash.

Get into the flossing habit. Floss at least once a day to remove the plaque that your toothbrush cannot reach. Use a product like Wisdom clean-between brushes or tepe interdental brush if you don’t like using dental floss or tape.

Stop smoking. Smoking may be one of the most important risk factors in Periodontal or Gum Disease, as per the American Academy of Periodontology.

Get regular checkups and cleanings with your dentist. Most people should have a checkup every six months, but some people may require more frequent visits. Your teeth must be cleaned by the hygienist between visits.

Eat healthy foods because lack of vitamin and other nutrient in the body will make it harder for your immune system to function at optimum levels. So, ensure to eat a good balanced diet with adequate vitamins and nutrients.

Relationship of Gum Disease to Heart Disease and 16 Other Deadly Diseases video from Youtube:

The link between Gum Disease and Heart Disease video from Youtube:

Bad Gums Linked to Heart Disease video from Youtube:


1 Comment
  1. Melanie Says:

    itz so suprised !!! there is also link between mouth mouth bacteria and heart disease!!! good to know!!

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